大館市(おおだてし) 匠と歴史を伝承し誇りと宝を力に変えていく「未来創造都市」

大館市(おおだてし) 匠と歴史を伝承し誇りと宝を力に変えていく「未来創造都市」

Odate, the home of the faithful dog, Hachi.

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Hachi had been waiting for his master after his death.

This became a famous story and it was made into Japanese and Hollywood films and many books were published.

By the way, did you know?

Actually, Odate city is Hachi’s very home.

 

The faithful dog, Hachikō

He was born in November 1923 at Mr. Giichi Saito’s home in Ooshinai in Odate City. At that time, Dr. Eisaburo Ueno, a professor of agricultural science of Tokyo Imperial University, was looking for a pure Japanese dog. Then, his student, Chiyomatsu Yomase came up with the idea to get a dog from Reizou Kurita’s friend, Mr. Saito. So then in January 14th 1924, fifty-days-old dog was sent to Dr. Ueno. And he was much loved by the new owner and named him Hachi.

In a short time, Hachi had grown into a splendid Akita dog. And he started to take Dr Ueno to and from the train station and created a strong bond between eachother.

However on 21st May, Dr. Ueno suddenly died during his lecture in a faculty meeting. Hachi was fed during the funeral, but he didn’t eat anything after that.

Even after Dr. Ueno’s death and even though Hachi had moved to Asakusa, Hachi running towards Shibuya station which was 8km away was often seen. It continued for a year. Kikusaburo Kobayashi, who lived in Yoyogi, sympathised with Hachi and he took care of him.

But every time as soon as Hachi finished his dinner, he wandered around his old house in Ueno which was 700 to 800 meter away. Later, he sat still in front of a ticket gate of Shibuya train station. And he kept doing that every day; on the hot days, rainy days, and even on snowy days.

Hachi was never violent to anyone or any other dogs. But his left ear was bitten by a dog and since then it has been hanging from his head.

Seeing the circumstances of Hachi, a lot of people including the staff of Shibuya station showed compassion and started to take care of him.

In 1935, Hachi was introduced overseas and his story was made into film becoming famous. However, he got filarial disease on 5th of March and he ended his 13 years of life (almost 90 years old in human years) three days later on the 8th March. Now Hachi rests in peace with Dr. Ueno in Aoyama cemetery.

 

Chronology of Hachi

11th Dec 1923: Hachi was born in Giishi Saito’s home in Oshinai in Odate city. 
14th Jan 1924:  He was 50days-old and was sent to Dr. Ueno. He named him, Hachi. 
21st May 1924: Dr.Ueno had passed away suddenly and Hachi kept waiting for him at Shibuya station (for 10 years). 
3rd Nov 1933:  Hachi became popular in the dog’s exhibition that was held in Tokyo Ueno park. 
Jan 1934:   A prospectus for bronze statue of Hachi was made and fund was raised and collected from all over Japan. 
21st April 1934: 
The construction of bronze statue was completed.
The widow of Dr. Ueno, celebrities and Hachi attended the ceremony 
March 1934:  The story of Hachi was published in elementary school student’s textbook. 
8th March 1935: 
Hachi found dead due to filarial disease in a lane near Shibuya station. An autopsy was held at the Tokyo Imperial University and he was stuffed and preserved at the Ueno science museum.
He was buried near Dr. Ueno in Aoyama cemetery. 
8th July 1935:  The unveiling ceremony of bronze statue of Hachi in front of Odate train station. 
1944: Shibuya’s bronze statue of Hachi was collected by the government in response to the Metal Collection Act during the pacific war which started in 1942.  
1945:  With the same Metal Collection Act, the statue of Hachi in Odate is also collected.
1948:  The committee for reconstruction of Hachi’s bronze statue was formed. They raised fund and it was reconstructed again in front of the Shibuya station.  
May 1964 : A group statue of Akita dogs including Hachi in the centre as a young dog was constructed in front of Odate train station. 
14th Nov 1987:  The bronze statue of Hachi was reconstructed in front of the Odate train station and the unveiling ceremony took place. 

 

The schedule of the Hachiko events held in Odate City

Memorial Service for Hachiko  April  In Front of Odate Station  Enquiries: the bronze statue of Hachi and Preservation of Akita Inu Statue Association.
[ Tel 0186-42-2502 (Akita Inu Preservation Society)] 
Birth of Hachiko Festival  Second Sunday of October  In Front of Odate Station  Enquiries: the bronze statue of Hachi and Preservation of Akita Inu Statue Association.
[ Tel 0186-42-2502 (Akita Inu Preservation Society)] 

 

The statue of Hachiko

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~Statue in front of Shibuya station~

On 4th Oct 1932, Hachi was reported on the Tokyo Asahi newspaper and other newspapers and radio. And he received a lot of money from people. In November of the same year, Hachi was invited to the Japanese dog exhibition and his name was known to whole of Japan with the honorific title, Hachi-Ko. In 1933, Hachi was recommended to join the Pochi Club asa honory member (World-wide organization of dog lovers) and in 1934, the story of Hachi was published in the text book of elementary schools.
As Hachi became famous, there were many voices of the residents living nearby to construct the bronze statue of Hachi. And in the new year of 1934, a prospectus for a statue of Hachi was created and they were collecting funds from all over Japan.
Due to the funds, a bronze statue, 162cm tall in the statue itself and 180cm for its basement, was constructed. On 4th April 1934, an unveiling ceremony was held and about 300 people joined including the widow of Dr. Ueno, celebrities; the station master of Shibuya, Mr.Yoshinaga and Hachi.
On 20th May 1934, the author of statue, Teru Ando, Emperor Exhibition Jury had conceded to the emperor and empress a statue of Hachi. (the same statue was donated to Mr. Houji Kimura who was from Odate. And in 2015, the family of the deceased donated it to the city of Odate.)
It was a unprecedented situation that the statues were made during his life time and even donated one of them to the imperial court.

hachi ekimaedouzou.jpg~The statue of Hachi in front of the Odate train station~
 
Knowing the construction of Hachi’s statue in Tokyo, Mr. Houji Kimura became the proposer to build the same one in Odate. The volunteers constructed it in front of Odate train station and itsunveiling ceremony was held on 8th July 1935.
The statues of Hachi were loved by a lot of people. But they were withdrawn by the order of the government’s the Metal Collection Act during the pacific war.It was constructed and only existed for less than 10 years.
In August 1948, after the WWII, the statue was reconstructed in the Shibuya train station but it was not in the Odate.
In May 1964, the group statue of Akita dog with Hachi in the centre was constructed in front of the Odate train station. 
In 1984, since the proposal of Odate tourism association, the committee for reconstruction of the bronze statue of Hachi was formed and they conducted fund-raising activities to gain money from all over Japan. 
On 14th Nov 1987, there was an unveiling ceremony of the new statue and stuffed Hachi attended.
10 months prior to the unveiling of the statue ceremony, a filming trip for the film “The story of Hachi” was held. And it impressed many of the people after the release.

Presently, there is a stone monument of Hachi’s birthplace in front of the house of Hichirouemon Saito in Odate, Ooshinai.
 

hachikou kaikanmaedouzou.jpg~ The Statue in front of Akita Inu Hall (Hachi longing for his home)~

The basement of Hachi statue was left after the collection of metal act, and it was preserved at the head quarter of Akita dog’s preservation society. In October 2004, Hachi’s statue was finally reconstructed for the first time in 60 years. It was titled as “Hachi longing for his home” was constructed in the square of Akita dog hall.

This version of the statue has a motif of Hachi longing for his home and giving out an impression as if the dog is waiting for his owner to come back with a kind expression. It is said to be Hachi had never bitten or barked to any humans and puppies. But he was bitten once. Since then his left ear was hanging and it was shown in the statue too.

 

The faithful dog, Hachi is an Akita dog

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Hachiko has a large body and a calm character.

In 1630’s, the landlord of Odate, Satake recommended a dog fight. It is said to be an Akita dog was a hybrid between Japanese traditional hunting dog and the local dog.

Dog fight was a major scene during Meiji and Taisho era. But the fight was prohibited because of its overheating popularity.

In May 1927, Mr. Izumishigeie, the mayor of the Odate town established a preservation of Akita dog society. This happened because crossbreed was becoming popular with turning Akita dog into fighting dogs. There are pictures of Akita dogs in Akita Inu Hall and they seemed to have different figures from early Showa era and today’s Akita.

In July 1931, Akita dog were designated as the natural monument among the other Japanese dogs. From 1934, Akita Inu Preservation Society started to register the dogs. In 1938, the standard of Akita dog were set and there were the exhibitions held too but it was suspended for a while because of the pacific war.

In the aftermath of the war, there was a difficulty in the preservation of the Akita dogs. But dozens of the Akita dogs had good pedigrees with the effort by the dog lovers. Quick reproduction of the species was seen and bred all over Japan again. In 1977, 'Akita-Inu Hall' was established in order to celebrate the 50th anniversary since the foundation of the Akita Inu preservation committee. It is valued very much because it is the only museum out of all the Japanese dog breeding organisation.

Akita Dog's Examination standard / Akita Inu Hall (Akita Inu Preservation Society) HP Click here

Akita dog’s town, Odate

There are many Hachi or Akita dog themed monuments other than the bronze statue in front of Odate Station and the statue in front of Akita-Inu hall, in Odate city.

We’ll introduce some here but maybe there are more?

《 Akita Inu Gunzo (Group statue of Akita Inu ) 》
[ In front of Odate station, Hachi’s bronze statue behind ]
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《 Stone statue of Hachi in front of the house that he was born in》
[ Odate city, Ooshinai, in front of Saito’s house ]
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《 Hachiko Shrine 》
[ Odate Platform 1 ]
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[ Odate Tourism Information Centre ]
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[ East Odate Station Platform ]
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[ The post in front of Odate City Hall ]
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[ Keijo Park ]
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[ Hachiko Manor ]
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[ Nishioohashi (Nishi Bridge) ]
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[ Niidaoohashi (Niida Big Bridge) ]
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[ Sanotaibashi (Sanoutai Bridge) ]
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[ Sidewalk of Sanotai Bridge ]
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[ Odate Hachiman Shrine ]
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[ Next to Omachi Akashi Building ]
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[ Manhole ]
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Inherited story of Akita-Inu in Odate City

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Sadaroku and Shiro’s story: ‘Old Dog Shrine’  

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